The word Bedouin means "desert people." Many Bedouins used to be nomads, moving from place to place to find food and water for their animals. In 1900, a majority of the Saudi population were Bedouin, however by 2000 that number had dwindled to less than 5%. Kohl is an ancient beauty product that is used to enhance the eyes. It was originally believed to protect the eyes from various eye diseases and was thought to protect the eyes from the harsh bright sun. It was also applied to babies' eyes to ward off evil spirits. Kohl can be made of ground lead sulphide, carbon, or charcoal. It was kept in a container or dispenser similar to what is shown here. The accompanying stick was used as the applicator. Bedouin jewelry is also made in this fashion, with crude clunky details and small dangling charms.
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